Starman (song)

Single by David Bowie
from the album The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars
B-side "Suffragette City"
Released 28 April 1972 (1972-04-28)
Format 7" single
Recorded Trident Studios, London
4 February 1972
Genre Glam rock
Length 4:16
Label RCA
Songwriter(s) David Bowie
Producer(s) David Bowie and Ken Scott
David Bowie singles chronology
"Hang On to Yourself"
"Hang On to Yourself"
(Arnold Corns)
The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars track listing
Side one
  1. "Five Years"
  2. "Soul Love"
  3. "Moonage Daydream"
  4. "Starman"
  5. "It Ain't Easy"
Side two
  1. "Lady Stardust"
  2. "Star"
  3. "Hang On to Yourself"
  4. "Ziggy Stardust"
  5. "Suffragette City"
  6. "Rock 'n' Roll Suicide"

"Starman" is a song by David Bowie, recorded on 4 February 1972[1] and released as a single that April. The song was a late addition to The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars, included at the insistence of RCA’s Dennis Katz, who heard a demo and loved the track, believing it would make a great single.[2] It replaced the Chuck Berry cover "Round and Round" on the album.[3]

Music and lyrics

The lyrics describe Ziggy Stardust bringing a message of hope to Earth's youth through the radio, salvation by an alien 'Starman'. The story is told from the point of view of one of the youths who hears Ziggy. According to Bowie himself, speaking to William S. Burroughs for Rolling Stone magazine in 1973, Ziggy Stardust is not the Starman but merely his earthly messenger – contrary to received opinion which often paints Ziggy as an extraterrestrial.[3] The song has inspired interpretations ranging from an allusion to the Second Coming of Christ,[4] to an accurate prediction of the plot for the film Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977).[5]

The music is in a gentle pop rock vein, featuring prominent acoustic guitar and a string arrangement by Mick Ronson, not dissimilar to the style of Bowie's previous album Hunky Dory (1971). The chorus is loosely based on Harold Arlen's "Over the Rainbow" from the film The Wizard of Oz, alluding to the "Starman"'s extraterrestrial origins (over the rainbow) (the octave leap on the word "Starman" is identical to that on the word "Somewhere" in "Over the Rainbow").[6] Other influences cited for the track are the T. Rex songs "Telegram Sam" and "Hot Love" (the "boogie" references and "la la la" chorus) and Holland–Dozier–Holland's "You Keep Me Hangin' On" (the morse code-esque guitar and piano breaks).[2]

Release and aftermath

From a commercial point of view, "Starman" was a milestone in Bowie’s career, his first hit since 1969's "Space Oddity" three years before. NME critics Roy Carr and Charles Shaar Murray reported that "many thought it was his first record since 'Space Oddity'", and assumed that it was a sequel to the earlier single.[7]

The single initially sold steadily rather than spectacularly but earned many positive reviews, John Peel for example calling it "a classic, a gem".[8] Its turning point came when Bowie scored a place on Top of the Pops in July 1972. (Although this performance, recorded on 5 July 1972 and broadcast on 6 July, is often cited as being the first UK TV performance of the song, it had in fact been performed on ITV's Lift Off With Ayshea three weeks earlier.)[9] Bowie's performance with the Spiders became famous; according to author David Buckley, "Many fans date their conversion to all things Bowie to this Top of the Pops appearance".[4] It embedded Ziggy Stardust in the nation’s consciousness, helping push "Starman" to No. 10 and the album, released the previous month, to No. 5. The single remained in the UK charts for 11 weeks. The Top of the Pops performance is included on the DVD version of Best of Bowie.

In the United States, the single peaked at number 65 on the Billboard Hot 100 in August 1972.[10]

In addition to the TV performances, Bowie played the song for radio listeners on the BBC's Johnny Walker Lunchtime Show on 22 May 1972. This performance was broadcast in early June 1972 and eventually released on Bowie at the Beeb in 2000.

In February 1999, Q magazine listed the single as one of the 100 greatest singles of all time, as voted by readers.

A limited edition 7" picture disc of the single was released on 21 April 2012, coinciding with 2012's Record Store Day.[11]

The "Starman" single originally featured a "loud mix" of the "morse code" section between the verse and the chorus.[12] This single mix appeared on the original UK album, but not on other vinyl editions of the album internationally (which had a more subdued mix of this section), and it did not appear on CD until the song was included on the compilation album Nothing Has Changed in 2014.

Track listing

  1. "Starman" (Bowie) – 4:16
  2. "Suffragette City" (Bowie) – 3:25


Chart (1972–2016) Peak
Australia (Kent Music Report)[13] 37
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[14] 55
Europe (Euro Digital Songs)[15] 6
France (SNEP)[16] 4
Israel (Media Forest)[17] 9
Italy (FIMI)[18] 41
Japan (Japan Hot 100)[19] 58
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[20] 5
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[21] 10
US Billboard Hot 100[22] 65
US Billboard Rock Songs 19

Production credits

Other releases

Cover versions

Popular culture


  1. ^ Kevin Cann (2010). Any Day Now – David Bowie: The London Years: 1947–1974: p.242
  2. ^ a b Nicholas Pegg (2000). The Complete David Bowie: p.203
  3. ^ a b Nicholas Pegg (2000). Ibid: pp.276–277
  4. ^ a b David Buckley (1999) Strange Fascination – David Bowie: The Definitive Story: pp.148–151
  5. ^ Roy Carr & Charles Shaar Murray (1981). Bowie: An Illustrated Record: p.44
  6. ^ Trynka, Paul (2011). Starman: David Bowie – The Definitive Biography. London: Sphere. ISBN 978-0751542936. 
  7. ^ Roy Carr & Charles Shaar Murray (1981). Ibid: p.8
  8. ^ Michael Harvey. "The Ziggy Stardust Companion - The Release". Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  9. ^ "The Ziggy Stardust Companion: Lift off with Ayshea - 15 June 1972". Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  10. ^ "David Bowie - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  11. ^ "McCartney, Bowie, Phish drop rare vinyl for Record Store Day", MSNBC,, retrieved 21 April 2012 
  12. ^ "Starman – David Bowie. Original UK LP and 45 mix is AWOL!!". Retrieved 23 March 2008. 
  13. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  14. ^ " – David Bowie – Starman" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  15. ^ "David Bowie – Chart history" Billboard Euro Digital Songs for David Bowie. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  16. ^ " – David Bowie – Starman" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  17. ^ "Media Forest weekly chart (year 2016 week 02)". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  18. ^ " – David Bowie – Starman". Top Digital Download. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  19. ^ "David Bowie – Chart history" Japan Hot 100 for David Bowie. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  20. ^ " – David Bowie – Starman" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  21. ^ "David Bowie: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  22. ^ "David Bowie – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for David Bowie. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  23. ^ Starman (Vol. 2), #28
  24. ^ Newman, Melinda (October 2, 2015). "Will the '70s Disco Soundtrack of 'The Martian' Be the Next 'Guardians of the Galaxy'?". Billboard. Retrieved February 16, 2016. 
  25. ^ a b c Robinson, Will (February 4, 2016). "See Audi's Super Bowl commercial featuring David Bowie's 'Starman'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 16, 2016. 
  26. ^ "STARMAN - Walk Hard:The Dewey Cox Story David Bowie". YouTube. 2008-08-13. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  27. ^ "David Bowie: addio al duca bianco del rock che amava i film e il cinema - Sky Cinema". 2016-01-11. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  28. ^ "Audi Super Bowl ad blasts off with Bowie's 'Starman'". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved February 3, 2016. 


Pegg, Nicholas, The Complete David Bowie, Reynolds & Hearn Ltd, 2000, ISBN 1-903111-14-5

External links